There’s no doubt that bed bugs are a nuisance – so how do you get rid of bed bugs in a mattress? Before the bed bugs were considered pests, they were originally seen as creatures that could bring good luck.
This may have been because they are relatively easy to avoid and are not aggressive, either towards people or other animals. In fact, it has been suggested that bed bugs may have fed on animals in the wild.
While most of us are familiar with the pesky critters that live in our homes, the common bed bug is an insect that often is only transmitted through various forms of public transportation.
Although they may be known for residing in homes, hotels and hostels are actually the most common locations for bed bugs to populate. The reason for this is simple: since mattresses are sturdy pieces of furniture that don’t get moved around much, they are a perfect nesting area for these insects.
Finding bed bugs in your mattress or in your room is a shock, as they may spread if not treated in time. You should know how to get rid of the bed bugs from your mattress. To do so, you can either use a natural approach or buy an insecticide. Both methods are effective, but it is up to you to decide which one to choose.
What are bed bugs?
Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals. They have five immature nymph life stages and a final adult stage. The adults are reddish-brown, flattened, and have no hind wings. Adults grow to 4–5 mm (1/5 in) long and 1.5–3 mm (1/25 in) wide.
Newly hatched nymphs are translucent, lighter in color, and become browner as they molt and reach maturity. A bed bug’s lifespan is roughly 12 to 18 months, and they can survive a few months without a blood meal.
Their flattened bodies allow them to fit into small spaces and hide in tight areas like bed frames, mattress crevices, and headboards. They also tend to come out at night when the hosts are asleep, and they tend to feed on multiple people before moving onto another host.
It is found in temperate and tropical climates worldwide.
Where are bed bugs found?
Despite their common name, bed bugs are not exclusively found in beds. In fact, they are often found in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards, where they have easy access to humans while we are sleeping.
They are most commonly found in places where people sleep, but they can also be found in couches, chairs, carpets, and even dresser drawers.
How to remove bed bugs from a mattress
Once you have bed bugs, it’s hard to shake them off. Not only do they have wiggly, hard-to-get-rid-of bodies you can’t see with the naked eye, but they reproduce every few weeks as well.
Unlike fleas, which pass the same genetic traits to their offspring as parents, bed bugs have babies that look like mini versions of their parents. So, while repellent sprays might work on fleas, they won’t work on bed bugs. That’s why it’s important to know what to do—before the bed bugs start biting!
Identify all infested areas
Identifying all infested areas is the most important step in getting rid of bed bugs. Bed bugs can hide behind the slightest crack in the wall, under the carpet, and even inside electrical outlets. In fact, all the bed bugs will not be present on the mattress.
Therefore, it is important to inspect the mattress and the bed frame, box spring, headboard, and other pieces of furniture in the room.
There are many ways to get rid of bed bugs, but the most effective are pesticides containing active ingredients such as permethrin or cyfluthrin. These ingredients kill both bed bugs and their eggs alike.
Kill the bedbugs
As they struggle to remove bedbugs from homes continues, many homeowners who have been affected by this pest now have to face the possibility of what to do with their bedding and mattresses once they have been treated.
You can get rid of bed bugs in several ways, but the most common method is to use pesticides. The problem with pesticides is the fact that you will have to put a lot of effort into ensuring that all the bed bugs have been eliminated, and the pesticides can be harmful to other living things.
Also, the key to contact and kill bed bugs is to use a pyrethrin-based insecticide combined with an insect growth regulator (IGR), like diatomaceous earth. Although insecticides have proven to be effective, they’re usually messy and may stain.
The best way to treat your mattress once the bedbugs are gone is to encase it. Encasements work like sealed-off, protected tents for your mattress. They’ll keep bed bugs from making a comeback, and they’re a lot easier to deal with.
You need to make sure you kill them all. If you’ve got an infestation, you want to make sure you kill every last one. After all, if you only kill some of them and keep your bed there, you can attract new ones.
Clean all infested areas
It’s important to note that you cannot treat a mattress without treating everything in contact with it, so be prepared to treat your bed frame, box spring, and everything else that comes in contact with your mattress.
Protect your bed
Preventing bed bugs is much harder than ridding your home of them, but there are a few things you can definitely do to protect your bed.
For a start, you could consider using a mattress encasement or a special barrier spray to stop them from climbing onto your bed and biting you.
You could also use bed bug traps on your bed to find out if you have bed bugs, and there are also a few bed bug repellents you could use to deter bed bugs from climbing onto your bed.
Get the pros involved
If you suspect you have bed bugs, it’s important to treat your mattress and remove the bed bugs from your mattress as soon as possible. Bed bugs are difficult to get rid of, and you may have to repeat the treatment several times.
In severe cases, the U.S.A. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends that the mattress be discarded and replaced with a new one. If you spot signs of bed bugs, call a pest control company immediately.